A movement associated with the writings of Ivan Illich (Deschooling Society, 1971) and Paulo Freire (Pedagogy of the Oppressed, 1970), although critiques of the role of the educational system in the development process had been presented earlier, by René Dumont (False Start in Africa, 1962) among others. The movement was influential during the 1970s, especially in the United States, although Illich and Freire both wrote from a Latin American perspective. The central ideas are that education and learning permeate all life-experiences and social relationships, and are not the monopoly of the formal educational system; that in the Third World it is essential for the curriculum to build on pupils' own experiences and provide relevant knowledge and skills; and that conventional educational systems serve in practice to demean and exclude many social groups (for example the poor) and to create institutional dependence. Wider political arguments are developed from this position. See also education, sociology of.

Dictionary of sociology. 2013.

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  • Deschooling — ist eine Bezeichnung für die Antischulbewegung in den USA. Das Wort „deschooling“ prägte Ivan Illich als erster, man kann es am besten mit „Entschulung“ übersetzen. Bekannt ist sein 1971 erschienenes Buch „Deschooling Society“. Vor ihm… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Deschooling — is a term used by both education philosophers and proponents of alternative education and/or homeschooling, though it refers to different things in each context. It was popularized by Ivan Illich in his 1971 book Deschooling Society. Concept… …   Wikipedia

  • deschooling — 1970, coined by Austrian born U.S. anarchist philosopher Ivan Illich (1926 2002) for the transfer of education to non institutional systems; see DE (Cf. de ) + schooling (see SCHOOL (Cf. school)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • deschooling — noun a) The process of adjusting to the non school environment of everyday life after leaving the education system. b) The concept, or belief that a formal education system is counter productive to the education of young people …   Wiktionary

  • deschooling — deschoolˈing noun • • • Main Entry: ↑deschool …   Useful english dictionary

  • Deschooling Society — (1971) is a critical discourse on education as practised in modern economies. It is a book that brought Ivan Illich to public attention. Full of detail on programs and concerns, the book gives examples of the ineffectual nature of… …   Wikipedia

  • АЛЬТЕРНАТИВНОЕ ОБУЧЕНИЕ — (deschooling) мероприятия по замене установленных форм образования в школах. Аргументы в пользу изменений, популярные в США и Великобритании в конце 60 х начале 70 х гг., обосновывались неудовлетворенностью характером индустриального общества и… …   Большой толковый социологический словарь

  • Entschulung — Dieser Artikel oder Abschnitt bedarf einer Überarbeitung. Näheres ist auf der Diskussionsseite angegeben. Hilf mit, ihn zu verbessern, und entferne anschließend diese Markierung. Deschooling ist eine bezeichnung für die Antischulbewegung in den… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ivan Illich — Infobox Philosopher region = Western philosophy era = Contemporary philosophy color = #B0C4DE image size = 200px name = Ivan Illich birth = birth date|1926|9|4|mf=y Vienna, Austria death = Death date and age|2002|12|2|1926|9|4 Bremen, Germany… …   Wikipedia

  • Unschooling — is a range of educational philosophies and practices centered on allowing children to learn through their natural life experiences, including play, game play, household responsibilities, work experience, and social interaction, rather than… …   Wikipedia

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